心理健康的定义及衡量标准,你知道吗 - 常见问题

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心理健康的定义及衡量标准,你知道吗

来源:http://www.zzzhongtebao.com/  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-10-19
在经济发展新常态下,保安体制改革的不断深入,保安服务业市场化、社会化节奏的加快,使得保安企业面临着一系列的挑战。
Under the new normal economic development, the security system reform deepens unceasingly, the security service industry marketization, the socialization rhythm accelerates, causes the security enterprise to face a series of challenges.
而保安服务工作量大、接触性高、变化性强,以及保安工作多样性、突发性、危险性、持续性等特点,也使得保安员的思想观念日趋复杂化、多样化,价值取向和行为方式也随之发生着巨大的变化。
The characteristics of security service, such as heavy workload, high contact, strong variability, diversity, suddenness, danger and sustainability, also make the ideas and concepts of security guards become more complex and diversified, and the value orientation and behavior mode have changed greatly.
所有这些都与保安员的心理情绪密切相关。
All of these are closely related to the psychological feelings of security guards.
心理健康的定义及衡量标准
Definition and standard of mental health
心理健康从广义上讲是指一种高效而满意的持续心理状态,从狭义上讲是指人的基本心理活动的过程、内容、完整、协调一致,即认识、情感、意志、行为、人格完整和协调,能顺应社会,与社会保持同步。
Mental health in a broad sense refers to an efficient and satisfactory state of sustained psychology. In a narrow sense, it refers to the process, content, integrity and coordination of the basic psychological activities of people, that is, cognition, emotion, will, behavior, integrity and coordination of personality, can conform to society, and keep pace with society.
心理健康包括两层含义:
Mental health includes two meanings:
一是无心理疾病,这是心理健康的基本条件,心理疾病包括各种心理与行为异常的情形。
One is the absence of mental illness, which is the most basic condition of mental health, mental illness including a variety of psychological and behavioral abnormalities.
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二是具有一种积极发展的心理状态,即能够维持自己的心理健康,主动减少问题行为和解决心理困扰。
Second, they have a positive psychological state, that is, they can maintain their mental health, take the initiative to reduce the problem behavior and solve psychological problems.
从普遍意义上来说,衡量心理是否健康具有以下原则:
Generally speaking, measuring mental health is based on the following principles:
一是心理与环境的统一性,通常情况下正常的心理活动其心理和环境具有统一性,即心理活动的内容和形式与其所处的客观环境相一致。
One is the unity of psychology and environment. Normally, normal psychological activities have the unity of psychology and environment, that is, the content and form of psychological activities are consistent with their objective environment.
二是心理与行为的统一性,正常情况下个体的心理活动与其行为相互协调相互影响,具有统一性。
Second, the unity of psychology and behavior, under normal circumstances, the individual's psychological activities and their behavior coordinate and interact with each other, with unity.
三是人格的稳定性,个体在生长发育的过程中随着生活经历的不同会行程独特的个性心理特征,而人格的稳定性即是对个体长期以来行程的独特心理特征的具体体现。
Third, the stability of personality, individual growth and development in the process of different life experiences with the unique psychological characteristics of the journey, and the stability of personality is the individual long-term journey of the unique psychological characteristics of the specific embodiment.