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浅析保安员怎么去灭火效果更好?

来源:http://www.zzzhongtebao.com/  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-08-10
灭火应该是每个人都掌握的一项技巧,在保安人员传授的专业知识中,隔离法是灭火效果较好的方法。燃烧的条件是有可燃物,所以灭火时首先要做的就是隔离未燃烧的物质。如关闭煤气阀门,使布料等可燃物远离燃烧区域都是可行的办法。
Fire extinguishing should be a skill that everyone should master. Among the professional knowledge imparted by security personnel, isolation method is a better way to extinguish fire. Combustion conditions are combustible, so the first thing to do in extinguishing a fire is to isolate the unburned material. If the gas valve is closed, it is feasible to keep the fuel and other combustibles away from the combustion area.
其次有冷却法。将灭火剂直接喷洒到燃烧物上,通过吸热降温,使燃烧物的温度降低到燃点以下,使燃烧停止;或者将灭火剂喷洒到火源附近的物体上,使其不受火焰辐射热的威胁,避免形成新的火点使火灾进一步蔓延。冷却法是灭火的主要方法,常用水和二氧化碳冷却降温灭火。
The second is cooling. The fire extinguishing agent is sprayed directly on the burning substance, and the temperature of the burning substance is lowered to below the burning point by absorbing heat to cool down, so as to stop the burning; or the fire extinguishing agent is sprayed on the objects near the fire source, so that it is not threatened by the radiation heat of the flame, so as to avoid the formation of new fire spots and further spread of the fire. The cooling method is the main method of extinguishing fire. Water and carbon dioxide are often used to cool down and extinguish fire.
接着是抑制法。将有抑制作用的化学灭火剂喷入燃烧区参与燃烧反应,中止燃烧。如1202、1211、1301灭火剂均属于有抑制作用的灭火剂。
Next is the suppression method. The chemical fire extinguishing agent with inhibition is injected into the combustion zone to participate in the combustion reaction and stop the combustion. Fire extinguishing agents such as 1202, 1211 and 1301 belong to fire extinguishing agents.
还有一种是窒息法。可设法隔绝空气或稀释燃烧区的空气含氧量,使可燃物得不到足够的氧气而熄灭。如用不燃物或难燃物捂盖燃烧物;用水蒸气或惰性气体灌注容器设备;封闭起火的建筑、设备的孔洞;把不燃的气体或液体喷洒到燃烧物上,或用泡沫覆盖燃烧面使之得不到新鲜空气而窒息等。
Another method is suffocation. It is possible to isolate the air or dilute the oxygen content of the air in the combustion zone so that the combustibles do not get enough oxygen and are extinguished. For example, cover burning materials with non-combustible or non-combustible materials; fill container equipment with water vapor or inert gas; close the holes of the building or equipment on fire; spray non-combustible gas or liquid onto the burning materials, or cover the burning surface with foam so that it can not get fresh air and suffocate.
逃生常识对我们每个人来说都是需要重视的,所以我们每个人都应该了解一些逃生常识,以防不测。作为酒店员工,应该首先了解酒店的较佳逃生通道,并可以进行逃生预演,避免火灾发生的时候,找不到逃生出口。
Escape knowledge is important to each of us, so each of us should know something about escape in case of accidents. As a hotel staff, should first understand the hotel's better escape routes, and can carry out escape rehearsals, to avoid fire, can not find an escape exit.
明辩方向,敏捷撤离。突遇火灾,面对浓烟烈火,首先要强令自已保持镇静,敏捷判别风险地带和安全地址,选择逃生的方法,依照方案预演有续组织撤离布险地。
Clear debate direction, agile evacuation. In case of sudden fire, in the face of smoke and flames, we must first force ourselves to remain calm, quickly identify the risk zone and safety address, choose the method of escape, and according to the scheme rehearse the continuing evacuation.
不入险境,不贪资产。在没有时间的情况下,不要把宝贵的逃生时间浪费在穿衣或寻找贵重物品上,现已逃离险境的人员,切莫重返险地,再进虎口。
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No danger, no assets. In the absence of time, do not waste precious escape time on clothing or looking for valuables, has escaped from danger, do not return to the dangerous place, then into the tiger mouth.
简便防护,蒙鼻爬行。逃离火场要防止烟雾中毒窒息,烟雾比空气轻,站得越高烟气越浓,用湿毛巾、口罩蒙鼻靠近地上爬出去是防止吸入浓烟的较佳方法。
Simple protection, crawling through the nose. To avoid smoke poisoning and suffocation, the smoke is lighter than air. The higher the smoke is, the thicker the smoke is. It is a better way to prevent smoke inhalation by climbing out close to the ground with a wet towel and mask.
善用通道,莫入电梯。电梯的供电系统在火灾时随时会断电而使人被困在电梯内,因而,千万不要乘普通的电梯逃生(消防专用电梯在外)。
Make good use of the channel and enter the elevator. Elevator power supply system in the fire will be cut off at any time and people trapped in the elevator, therefore, do not take ordinary elevator escape (fire-fighting elevator outside).
火已及身,切勿惊跑。身上着火,千万不可惊跑或用手敲打,应赶忙脱掉衣服或就地打滚,压灭火苗;能及时跳进水中或让人向身上洒水、喷灭火剂则更有用。
When the fire is over, do not run away. Do not run away or knock with your hands when you are on fire. Take off your clothes or roll on the spot to suppress the fire. It is more useful to jump into the water in time or let people sprinkle water or fire extinguishing agent on your body.
缓降逃生,滑绳自救。若是建筑物内设有高空缓降器或救生绳,可以经过这些设备安全地脱离风险的楼层。也可利用身边的绳子、床单、窗帘等自制简便救生绳,从窗台或阳台滑降到地上逃生。
Slow down escape, slide rope self rescue. If the building is equipped with a high-altitude landing gear or lifeline, these equipment can be safely removed from the risk of the floor. You can also use ropes, sheets, curtains and other self-made simple life-saving ropes, from the window or balcony sliding down to the ground to escape.
坚守待援。假如逃生通道被火势切断,应关紧迎火的门窗,用湿毛巾、湿布塞堵门缝,不断用水淋透,防止焰火渗入房内,等待救援人员抵达。
Stand by for help. If the escape passage is cut off by the fire, should close the door and window of the fire, with wet towels, wet cloth plug the door seam, continuous water soaking, prevent fireworks infiltration into the room, waiting for rescue personnel to arrive.
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