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敲诈勒索事件主要的表现特征

来源:http://www.zzzhongtebao.com/  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-06-21
敲诈勒索;是指以非法占有为目的,对被害人使用威胁或要挟的方法,强行索要公私财物的行为。《中华人民共和国刑法》第二百七十四条敲诈勒索公私财物,数额较大或者多次敲诈勒索的,处三年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,并处或者单处罚金;数额巨大或者有其他严重情节的,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑;数额特别巨大或者有其他特别严重情节的,处十年以上有期徒刑,并处罚金。
Extortion is the act of using illegal possession as the purpose and threatening or coercion the victim, forcing the public and private property to be demanded. The 274th article of the criminal law of the People's Republic of China is extortion of public and private property, large amount or extortion, and shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment, detention or control over three years, and shall be penalized or single penalized; a large amount or other serious circumstances shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of less than three years and less than ten years; the amount is particularly large Those with large or other serious circumstances shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years and shall also be fined.
敲诈勒索罪是一种重要的侵犯财产罪,其犯罪对象是公私财物。有的学者认为,敲诈勒索罪的对象是复合的,包括人和公私财产。从敲诈勒索罪的客观要件入手,敲诈勒索的客体只能是财产所有权,因而其犯罪对象只包括公私财物,而不包括人。
Extortion is an important crime of infringing property. Its targets are public and private property. Some scholars believe that the object of extortion is compound, including human and public and private property. Starting with the objective condition of extortion, the object of extortion can only be property ownership, so the object of the crime includes only public and private property, not the person.
为了正确认定敲诈勒索罪,应当把握本罪的威胁和要挟方法(即胁迫)的以下特点:
枣庄保安
In order to correctly identify the crime of extortion, we should grasp the following characteristics of the threat and coercion of this crime:
,行为人以将要实施的积极的侵害行为,对财物所有人或持有人进行恐吓。例如,以将要实施杀害、伤害、揭发隐私、毁灭财物等相恐吓。由此可见,本罪只能以作为方式实施,不可能是不作为。制造、散布迷信谣言,引起他人恐慌,乘机以帮助驱鬼消灾为名骗取群众财物的,以及面对处于困境的人的求助请求,以不给钱就不予救助等,都不能认定为敲诈勒索罪。
First, the perpetrator intimidates property owners or holders with aggressive aggressive actions to be carried out. For example, threats will be carried out by killing, harming, revealing privacy and destroying property. It can be seen that this crime can only be carried out in a way, and can not be inaction. Making and spreading superstitious rumors, causing panic to others, taking the opportunity to help exorcise the ghosts for the name of the masses, and facing the plight of the people in trouble, and not giving money, can not be regarded as extortion.
第二,行为人扬言将要危害的对象,可以是财物的所有人或持有人,也可以是与他们有利害关系的其他人。例如,财务所有人或持有人的亲属等。
Second, the object that the actor threatens to harm can be the owner or holder of the property, or the others who are interested in it. For example, relatives of financial owners or holders.
第三,发出威胁的方式可以多种多样。例如,可以当着被害人的面用口头、书面或其他方式表示,也可以通过电话、书信方式表示;可以是行为人亲自发出,也可以是委托第三者转达;可以明示,也可以暗示,都不影响本罪的构成。
Third, threats can be varied. For example, the victim's face can be expressed orally, in writing or in other ways. It can also be expressed by telephone or letter. It can be issued by the actor or can be entrusted to the third party; it can be indicated, and can also be implied, without affecting the composition of the crime.
第四,威胁要实施的侵害行为有多种,有的可以是当场实现的,如杀害、伤害,有的是当场不可能实现,必须日后才能实现的,如揭发隐私。需要注意的是,行为人威胁将要实施危害行为,并非意味着发出威胁之时不实施任何危害行为,例如威胁将要实施伤害行为,但在威胁发出之时实施相对轻微的殴打行为;或者威胁将要实施杀害行为,但在威胁发出之时实施伤害行为。此种当场实施较轻加害行为、同时威胁将来实施较重加害行为的方式,可能影响行为人实际触犯的罪名和符合的具体犯罪数量,应当结合具体案件情况予以判断。
Fourth, there are many kinds of encroach actions that threaten to be carried out, some can be realized on the spot, such as killing and injury, some are impossible to be realized on the spot, and it must be realized in the future, such as disclosure of privacy. It is important to note that the perpetrator threatens to carry out a harmful act, not means that a threat is not carried out at the time of any threat, such as the threat of an act of injurious, but a relatively mild assault on the threat of a threat, or a threat that the killing is to be carried out, but the harm is carried out when the threat is issued. Behavior. In this case, the way of carrying out more minor offences and threatening to carry out more serious injuring behavior in the future may affect the actual offense of the perpetrator and the number of specific crimes, which should be judged according to the circumstances of specific cases.